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Targeting the Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2: computational insights into the mechanism of action of the protease inhibitors Lopinavir, Ritonavir, and Nelfinavir
Moro Stefano.
Bolcato Giovanni.
Bissaro Maicol.
Pavan Matteo.
Sturlese Mattia.
Acceso Abierto
Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 is a recently discovered single-stranded RNA (ssRNA) betacoronavirus, responsible for a severe respiratory disease known as coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which is rapidly spreading. Chinese health authorities, as a response to the lack of an effective therapeutic strategy, started to investigate the use of lopinavir and ritonavir, previously optimized for the treatment and prevention of HIV/AIDS viral infection. Despite the clinical use of these two drugs, no information regarding their possible mechanism of action at the molecular level is still known for SARS-CoV-2. Very recently, the crystallographic structure of the SARS-CoV-2 main protease (Mpro), also known as C30 Endopeptidase, was published. Starting from this essential structural information, in the present work we have exploited Supervised Molecular Dynamics (SuMD), an emerging computational technique that allows investigating at an atomic level the recognition process of a ligand from its unbound to the final bound state. In this research, we provided molecular insight on the whole interaction pathway of lopinavir, ritonavir, and nelfinavir, three potential C30 Endopeptidase inhibitors, with the last one taken into consideration due to the promising in-vitro activity shown against the structurally related SARS-CoV protease.
Appears in Collections:Artículos científicos

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